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Everything You Need to Know About One Nation One Ration Card


About NFSA

A certified document issued by the states in India to their citizens which makes them eligible to buy subsidized food grain under NFSA’s Public Distribution System (PDS). They also serve as an identity proof for many citizens. In January this year, the Union Minister Ram Vilas Paswani announced NDA’s determined project of ‘one nation one ration card’. In layman’s language, this would allow people to procure food (rice, sugar, wheat, etc.) from anywhere in the country. On May 13th, the Finance Minister Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman announced this as a relief for millions of stranded migrant workers, under the stimulus package announced of Rs.20 lakh crore by the government

They are normally categorized on the basis of the annual income of the beneficiaries. Each family can own a ration card, and for children who are below the age of 18 are covered in the ration card of their parents. However, it is not a compulsory but important document for people to have. Its holders are entitled to food, fuel, and other goods dispensed by the government. Through ration card, they have the option to buy food grains at subsidized prices. Ration cards take into account the total members in a family and their entitlement towards the subsidized food. With the passage of time, the online service of applying for ration card and checking their costs has been made available to people. This has obviously put a bar on the corrupt practices and ensuring that the card reaches the deprived.

As per a report by Business Standard, currently, 23 crore ration cards have been issued to about 80 crore beneficiaries. Existing norms tell us that a family linked to a particular FPS can buy the supplies only from the designated supplier. However, this new scheme of one nation one ration card would allow beneficiaries to buy food at subsidized rates from anywhere in the country.


Note: If you are from UP then apply UP Ration Card here and you will get all details in Hindi. It’s a very easy process.


Broadly, there are two categories of ration cards:

  1. Below Poverty Line: Ration cards under BPL are further classified on the basis of colors, depending upon the entitlement to beneficiaries. They can be either blue or yellow or green or red. These holders are provided with food grains, fuel, and other essential goods.
  2. Non-Below Poverty Line: People above the poverty line are issued a white color ration card. They are for the purpose of identification.

NFSA has now categorized the ration card in two categories:

  • Priority Household ration card (PHH)
  • Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AYY).

Households which meet the eligibility criteria set by the state government are issued PHH ration card. Each member of their household is entitled to 5kg food grain per month. And those households which fall into the category of “poorest of poor” are issued AYY ration card. Each member of AYY card holder is entitles to 35kg food grain per month.



Any person who is a citizen of India is eligible to apply for the ration card. However, there are a few exceptions. This is obvious and has been mentioned before also that minors i.e., people under the age of 18 are covered under the ration card of their paternities. However, an individual above the age of 18 can apply for the separate card if he/she lives independent.


  • Surrender certificate i.e., no card certificate
  • Proof of residence and ID (Aadhar card, Driving license, Voter ID card, Employee ID, or any other government issued ID card)
  • 3-Passport sized photographs
  • Gas Connection details
  • Contact number
  • Self-addressed and stamped postcard
  • Annual income details
  • In case, you want to add or remove any member in ration card, you’ll need the marriage/birth/death/transfer certificate as per the requirement.


The whole procedure of applying for a ration card varies from state to state. With the procedure having moved online, the process is less complicated and the ration card can be applied instantaneously. However, the process of each state is different however the basic arrangement remains the same.
The applicant is charged a nominal fee and once the application is submitted, it is then sent for the process of verification. This whole process of checking the credentials takes about 30-45 days from the date of submission. After corroborating the specifics, the ration card is issued. And if any person is found conveying misleading or false information, he or she becomes liable for punishment under law as well as criminal suit.


An online EPDS (Electronic Public Distribution System) has been launched by some state governments so applicants can get a ration card, check the cost and availability of food grain online.

This new system is technology based, will provide instant solutions to the beneficiaries through ePOS devices positioned at FPSs, hence enabling the person to buy the foodgrains he/she is entitled to under NFSA.

This post was published on January 11, 2021 10:00 am

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